Fruit Tree Varieties
Fruit Tree Varieties
Of the following varieties listed, only Rival and Perfection are self-sterile and need a pollinizer. Peach and Apricot are used as the standard-sized rootstocks and Siberian C and St. Julian A are used as semi-dwarfing stocks.
BLENHEIM - "Royal". Medium size, oval, deep yellow. An outstanding variety for eating, as well as very good for canning. Easily the most popular home variety.' Many homemakers leave pit in when canning this variety. Can also be used as a pollinizer. Low chilling requirement. Ripens late May through mid-June. (Early-mid season/self fertile).
CHINESE, MORMON, SWEET PIT - An early-bearing, heavy producing variety. Fruit is of good quality and medium size with yellow to medium orange color. Good flavor and smooth texture. Trees do well in colder climates. Good pollinizer. Ripens mid-June through mid-July. Does well in late frost areas. Skin color is orange with red blush. (Mid-late season/self-fertile).
GOLDCOT - Tree is strong and blooms late. Fruit is medium to large. Skin is golden and thick, flesh is firm. Resistant to cold. (Late/self fertile).
GOLD KIST - Low-chilling variety best suited for warm winter climates. Heavy bearing. Ripens 4 to 5 weeks before Blenheim, early to mid-May. (Early/self fertile).
GOLDEN AMBER - Fruit is large and uniform. Skin is yellow. Flesh is yellow, firm and slightly acid. Resistant to pit burn. Excellent for eating fresh, canning or drying. Long blooming and ripening period. Ripens mid-June to mid-July. (Late/self fertile).
MOONGOLD - A very hardy very cold hardy apricot. Plum size golden fruit, very sweet and sprightly.(Mid/Self fertile)
MOORPARK - Skin is orange with deep red blush covered by dots of brown and red. Flesh is orange with fine flavor. Good for canning but very soft when ripe. Ripens mid-June. (Early/self fertile).
PERFECTION - An outstanding apricot. Fruit is large, firm and delicious. Flesh and skin are colored a bright yellow-orange. Skin has some texture. Trees are hardy and heavy bearing. Needs cross pollination. Ripens mid-May. (Early/needs pollinizer).
PUGET GOLD - Tree bears prolifically. Fruit is large and good flavor. Excellent consistent variety for the Northwest. Freestone. (Late/partially self fertile).
RIVAL - A vigorous and productive tree. Fruit is large, oval with light orange skin with blush on exposed cheek. Flesh is deep orange, firm, fine textured, low-acid with mild flavor. Pollinize with an early variety. Ripens late May to mid-June. (Early mid-season/needs pollinizer).
ROYAL - SEE BLENHEIM
- Fine-flavored, excellent canning apricot. This selection is very productive.
The fruit is medium to small in size. Color is golden-yellow with dark
red blush. One of the best varieties for west of the Cascades. Resisant to brown rot and sunburn. Good pollinizer.
Ripens mid to late June. (Mid-season/self fertile).
Sweet cherries, except Self-fertile Bing, Stella and Sunburst, are self-sterile and require a pollinizer. Bing, Lambert and Royal Ann are incompatible with each other and require a fourth variety as a pollinizer. Do not over water.
BING - One of the finest sweet cherries in the Western States. Skin is dark burgundy-red when ripe. Very large, excellent quality, firm, juicy and sweet. One of the best shippers and fresh market varieties. Very good for commercial canning. Ripens mid to late June. (Mid-season/needs pollinizer).
BLACK TARTARIAN - Very large, bright purplish-black. Tender, juicy, very rich fruit. This remarkably vigorous tree is an erect grower and immense bearer. Excellent pollinizer for most varieties. Ripens early to mid-June. (Early/needs pollinizer).
LAMBERT - An outstanding commercial and backyard variety with dark red, heart-shaped fruit. Excellent quality, firm with rich flavor. Ripens about a week after Bing. More resistant to late frost. A vigorous tree, and heavy producer. (Late/needs pollinizer).
RAINIER - An outstanding, light colored, very attractive yellow cherry with red blush. Flesh is very firm, yellowish-white and finely textured. Fruit sizes well with a distinct flavor considered superior to most varieties. Tree is hardy, bears early with good bud hardiness. Fruit is quite resistant to cracking. Ripens early June. (Early/needs pollinizer).
ROYAL ANN / NAPOLEON - Extremely appealing light yellow cherry with red cheeks. Fruit is large, firm and flavorful with colorless juice. A high quality processing and outstanding dessert variety. Requires cross pollinization. Black Tartarian is one of the best. Ripens early June. (Early/needs pollinizer).
SAM - A new black cherry out of Canada that shows good resistance to cracking. The tree is vigorous, upright and spreading. The fruit is large, black, firm and of good quality. Self-infertile, but will pollinize most other varieties. Ripens mid to late June. (Mid-season/needs pollinizer).
STELLA - The first good quality, self-fertile black cherry. The fruit is good size, moderately firm, heart-shaped with appearance and flavor similar to Lambert. Does very well west of the Cascades. More crack resistant than Bing. Good pollinizer for other sweet cherries. Ripens mid-June. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
STELLA, COMPACT - Has all the outstanding characteristics of the parent, but is a dwarf plant. Does well west of the Cascades and most mild-winter areas and is excellent for home gardeners with limited space. More crack-resistant than Bing. Self-fertile and a good pollinizer for other sweet cherries. (Mid-season/self fertile).
VAN - Tree is hardy and bears early. Fruit is medium size, skin
color is shiny dark. Cherry much like the Bing but more tart. Tree bears
heavy and is resistant to cracking. (Mid-season/needs pollinizer).
ENGLISH MORELLO - Late ripening, deep red, nearly black fruit. Flesh is dark red and slightly tart. Excellent for pies. Good pollinizer. Low chilling requirement. Ripens mid-July. (Late/self fertile).
MONTMORENCY - A tart, medium size, dark red cherry with good quality and flavor. One of the most popular sour cherries in America for home and commercial use. A very productive tree that produces a good shipping fruit. Self-fertile and a good pollinizer. Ripens mid-June to early July. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
NORTH STAR - A natural-dwarf sour cherry that is extremely hardy.
Bears full-size, deep mahogany fruit. Flesh is dark red, juicy and meaty.
A very productive tree that is self-fruitful. An early ripener that is
excellent for pies, cooking or freezing. Ripens June. (Early/self fertile).
FANTASIA - A large, yellow fleshed nectarine. The fruit is highly colored, firm, freestone and of good quality. Ripens mid-July. The tree is a vigorous grower, productive with short chilling requirements. Bears well in mild-winter areas. Very showy flowers. Ripens mid-July to early August. (Mid-season/self fertile).
GOLDMINE - Large fruit, red-blushed over white with white freestone flesh of good flavor. Vigorous and productive tree. The primary home variety. Low chilling requirement. Ripens early August. (Late/self fertile).
INDEPENDENCE - Fruit is medium to large. Flesh is yellow, firm, freestone with good texture and flavor. Skin is brilliant cherry-red. Ripens mid-June to early July. Trees are moderately vigorous and productive. Accepts warm winters. Showy flowers. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
PANAMINT - Medium to large fruit, bright red, with yellow freestone flesh. Vigorous, productive tree. Low chilling requirement. Ripens from early to mid-July. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
REDGOLD - Widely planted commercially because of its crack resistance, slow softening, high yield and the longest storage and shelf life. Skin is deep red and flesh is very firm and crack resistant. It is a freestone with a rich flavor. Must be properly thinned for best production results. Ripens early August. (Late/self-fertile).
SNOWQUEEN - One of the very best nectarines ever. An outstanding low chill variety. Very large, light skin lightly blushed with russet. Flesh is white, freestone, juicy and fine textured. Best when picked firm and allowed to ripen indoors. Ripens mid-June. (Early/self-fertile).
SUNGLO - A large, smooth skinned, freestone nectarine. The skin
is red with golden flesh. Has a long storage and shelf life and doesn't
lose its flavor when canned or frozen. A hardy and vigorous grower. Ripens
early August. (Late/self-fertile).
Genetic Dwarf Nectarines
The actual fruiting part of the tree is dwarfed in size; budded on a standard sized rootstock. The bloom on many genetic dwarfs (especially stone fruit) is very showy. Most reach a height of 6' to 8'.
NECTARINA - Grows 5' to 6'. Very ornamental with dense foliage and semi-double pink flowers. Excellent crops of medium-size, red-cheeked, freestone fruit. Bears heavy and very early. Flesh is golden and flavorful. Ripens mid-July. Medium chilling requirement.
NECTAR BABE - One of the best genetic dwarf nectarines. Mid-season yellow freestone. Heavy bearer, requires pollination.
NECTAR-ZEE - One of the best. Bears in mid-June. Firm, flavorful, yellow flesh freestone.