Fruit Tree Varieties
Fruit Tree Varieties
BABCOCK - Medium size fruit with red blush and white flesh. Juicy, non-acid, sweet flavor. Freestone. Low chilling requirement. Ripens in June. Popular for home and commercial use. (Early/self fertile).
CALIFORNIA CURLFREE - Known for its resistance to peach leaf curl. Fruit is similar to Redhaven. Good for canning and freezing and eating fresh. Ripens just ahead of Redhaven. Featured in February 1989 issue of Sunset Magazine. (Early-midseason/self- fertile).
DESERT GOLD - Medium, round fruit. Yellow with red blush. Good quality yellow semi-clingstone flesh. Low chilling requirement. Excellent for warmer regions. Blooms early. Ripens early to mid-June. (Early-midseason/self-fertile).
DONUT - yellow skin with red blush, white flesh. Mildly sweet flavor with a hint of almond. Small to medium donut-shaped peach. Bears early, very low chill. Self-fertle. Excellent variety.
EARLY ELBERTA (GLEASON STRAIN) - The Gleason Strain is the proven outstanding variety of excellent quality in demand by commercial canners. Fruit is large, golden-yellow with oblong shape. A brighter golden color than Elberta with little or no red blush. Ripens late June to early August. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
ELBERTA - The fruits are large, freestone, colored a deep golden- yellow, blushed red with firm, yellow flesh. Famous for its outstanding shipping qualities. Long the leading major commercial variety in many areas of the U.S. An excellent pollinizer of other varieties. Ripens late July to mid-August. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
FAY ELBERTA - Fruit similar to Elberta but more colorful. Yellow freestone flesh. Colorful flowers. Most popular freestone peach for all uses. Medium to low chilling requirement. Ripens several days after Elberta. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
FLAME CREST - This is a large, yellow flesh freestone. Light pubescence, bright red fruit. A vigorous grower and very productive. Ideal for canning and freezing. Ripens late July. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
FROST - This new cultivar is known for its resistance to peach-leaf curl. Frost will develop fruit that is very similar in quality to Redhaven, making it good for canning and freezing. The tree is vigorous and productive and ripens just ahead of Redhaven. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
GOLDEN JUBILEE - A popular freestone peach for home canning and local markets. A large yellow peach, blushed with red. Light yellow, firm, melting flesh. Medium chilling requirement. Ripens in early to mid-July. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
HALEHAVEN - Medium to large fruit, red over greenish-yellow, changing to yellow at maturity. Yellow, freestone flesh very flavorful. Vigorous grower. Medium chilling requirement. Ripens mid to late July. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
J.H.HALE - Fruit is very large, freestone, round and uniform. Skin is golden, covered with a brilliant red cheek. Flesh is yellow, solid and meaty, free from stringiness. One of the finest commercial and shipping peaches since 1900. Tree requires good soil and cross pollination. Ripens late July to mid-August. (Mid-late season/needs pollinizer).
JULY ELBERTA (KIM) - Fruit similar to Elberta. Ripens late June to early July. Medium chilling requirement. Popular commercial variety in California. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
JUNE GOLD - Low chilling requirement for this medium to large fruit. Skin has red blush over a golden-yellow. Juicy, delicate flavor. Ripens late May to early June. (Early/self-fertile).
RED BARON - Fruit similar to Rio Oso Gem. Low chilling requirement. Fruit is firm, freestone, flavorful and juicy. Large, productive tree. Ripens mid-July. An outstanding home orchard variety with excellent flavor and a fine show of deep re flowers. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
REDHAVEN - The standard of all early peaches. Most widely planted peach today. Color is a beautiful red and golden-yellow. Flesh is firm, smooth textured and fine flavored. Fruit is uniform, round, medium sized and appealing. Redhaven is good for canning, freezing and shipping. Fruit sets heavily and must be thinned for good fruit size. Medium chilling requirement. Ripens mid-June to early July. (Early mid-season/self-fertile).
REDHAVEN, EARLY - A sport of Redhaven which ripens about 2 weeks earlier than its parent. Has all the outstanding features of Redhaven; and by using it, you can stretch your Redhaven season another 2 weeks. (Early/self-fertile).
RELIANCE - An exceptionally hardy, yellow freestone peach. Has a dull blush over a greenish-yellow ground color. Medium to large size with a sweet, mild flavor. Delicious fresh, canned or frozen. Excellent for Northern climate. Ripens with Redhaven. (Early mid-season/self-fertile).
RIO OSO GEM - Large fruit with bright red skin. Flesh is firm, yellow, juicy and freestone. One of the best peaches for freezing. Ripens mid-August. Fruit holds well on tree. Very showy flowers. (Mid-late season/self-fertile).
SIMS - Large, yellow, cling peach. Good canning quality. Excellent for climates with mild winters. Ripens late August. (Mid-late season/self/fertile).
STRAWBERRY FREE - Medium fruit with pink blush. Flesh is freestone, white and firm. Low chilling requirement. Ripens mid to late May. (Early/self-fertile).
VENTURA - Very low chill peach. Requires very little winter chill and produces a quality fruit in very mild summer heat areas. Yellow flesh, medium size, freestone, smooth skinned peach. (Mid-season/self-fertile)
VETERAN - A Canadian introduction with Elberta-type fruit. Fruit is round, medium sized and good quality. Above average for canning and freezing. One of the few varieties especially adapted to the coastal areas. Ripens early to late July. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
Genetic Dwarf Peaches
The actual fruiting part of the tree is dwarfed in size; budded on a standard sized rootstock. The bloom on many genetic dwarfs (especially stone fruit) is very showy. Most reach a height of 6' to 8'.
BONANZA - Blooms and bears fruit very early. Will reach 5' to 6'. Fruit is blushed red with yellow, freestone flesh. Ripens early.
HONEY BABE - The earliest ripening freestone peach with best flavor of any genetic peach. Fruit is large and deep red over yellow.
PIX-ZEE - Delicious, firm, yellow flesh freestone. Self-fertile.
Pears, European and Hybrid
Nearly all European pear varieties are self-fertile and require a pollinizer. As most pears are diploids, they are suitable pollinizers for other varieties that bloom at the same time. Domestic seedling, OHxF97 and Winter Nellis are used as the standard rootstocks and Quince and OHxF333 are used as dwarfing rootstocks. Hybrid pear varieties are self-fertile except Orient. Better yields will be realized for all varieties if another variety is present. Domestic seedling, OHxF97 and Winter Nellis are used as the standard rootstocks and Quince and OHxF333 are used as dwarfing rootstocks.
BARTLETT - The leading pear variety both commercially and for home use. It is an outstanding canning variety. Normally large, smooth, attractive fruit that is golden-yellow, slightly blushed with red. The flesh is tender and juicy, buttery and of excellent dessert quality. Trees bear young and have compact upright growth. Does not cross pollinize with Seckel. Ripens mid-July. (Early/needs pollinizer).
BOSC - This large, long-necked pear is yellow colored, marked with light brown russet. Bosc's very good quality and flavor make it an eating treat. A good quality market pear that ripens best at room temperature instead of cold storage. Ripens mid-September to early October. (Late/self-fertile).
COMICE - An outstanding, large dessert pear. Late maturing with high quality, fine textured, juicy, sweet, melting flesh. Color is red, blushed golden-yellow. Low chilling requirement. A good eating pear, but best flavor after a month of storage. Ripens late September to mid-October. (Late/needs pollinizer).
D'ANJOU - Leading variety of winter pear. Fruit is firm, juicy and has superbly rich flavor. Outstanding for both home and orchard trade. Flavor best after 1 or 2 months storage. Excellent keeping qualities. Tree is large, vigorous and very productive. Ripens mid-August to mid-September. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
D'ANJOU, RED - A D'Anjou sport that comes on with a deep red surface that gets even brighter red after it comes out of storage and ripens. Flesh coloring, texture and flavor are identical to D'Anjou. Ripens mid-August to mid-September. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
FANSTIL - Medium sized yellow fruit with red blush. Flesh is white, crisp and juicy. Low chilling requirement. Good resistance to fireblight. Ripens mid-August. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
FLORIDAHOME - Very low chill, very heat and cold tolerant. Small, green fruit. Juicy fruit not too gritty. (Early/needs pollinizer).
FLEMISH BEAUTY - Very hardy, large, productive tree. Medium size yellow flesh with red blush fruit. Very good flavor. (Early/self-fertile).
HOOD - large yellow-green fruit. Vigorous tree. Resistant to fireblight. Partially self-fertile, best with Floridahome. Very low chill, 100 hours.
KIEFFER - Medium to large fruit is yellow with a red blush. White flesh is crisp and coarse. Bears very late. Low chilling requirement. Excellent for cooking and canning. Stores well. Ripens early September to mid-October. (Late/self-fertile).
MOONGLOW - Disease resistant Barlett-type pear. Attractive fruit with soft red blush, best picked when green-yellow, then stored in a cool, dark place for one or more weeks. Excellent pollinator. (Mid-season/needs pollinizer).
SECKEL - Fruit is small, reddish-brown over yellow with russet. Flesh is white and sweet. Excellent dessert pear. Low chilling requirement. Does not cross pollinize with Bartlett. Good resistance to fireblight. Ripens late August to mid-September. (Mid-season/needs pollinizer).
WINTER NELLIS - Medium fruit, yellow-green to green with russet.
Vigorous and heavy cropping tree. Small sized tree. Ripens late September
to mid-October. (Late/needs pollinizer).
Asian pears are self-fertile, but yield will increase if there is another variety present. Domestic seedling, OHxF97 and Winter Nellis are used as the standard rootstocks and Quince and OHxF333 are used as dwarfing rootstocks. All Asian pears are noted for their crispness.
TWENTIETH CENTURY / NIJISSEIKI - This "pear-apple" combines the flavor and sweetness of a pear with the crispness and quality of an apple. These are best when tree ripened. Because they are so perfect for fruit salads, pear-apples are often called "salad-pears". Pollinize with Bartlett for best production. Ripens mid-August. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
CHOJURO - An oriental "pear-apple". Texture and firmness of an apple with an all-pear flavor. Excellent variety for home gardeners that are working with limited space. Fruit is oblong and lopsided. Skin is greenish-brown. Keeps well through February. Ripens mid-August. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
HOSUI - large juicy sweet fruit. Brownish-orange russet skin. One of the most flavorfull of the Asian pears. Early to mid-August, 400 hours.
KIKUSUI - Fruit medium to large, somewhat lopsided, yellowish-green. Flesh is sweet and mild, firm and juicy. Tree medium size, slightly drooping limbs and dense. Ripens mid-August. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
NITAKA - Tree is medium in size. Fruit is round, skin is russet. Pear is sweet and somewhat coarse. Pollinizer is Bartlett. (Mid-season/needs pollinizer).
SEIGYOKU - Skin is clear and glossy yellow. Average to large size
fruit. (Early/needs pollinizer).
- Tree is large and very productive. Fruit is medium to large and pear-shaped.
Skin color is green and smooth. Pear is mild and sweet. Pollinizers are
Nijisseiki, Chojuro and Shinseiki. (Late/needs pollinizer).
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