Fruit Tree Varieties
Fruit Tree Varieties
Most oriental plums are self-sterile and require a pollinizer. Santa Rosa is a good pollinizer for most oriental varieties. Peach seedling and myrobolan are used as the standard rootstocks for plums and prunes. St. Julian A and Siberian C are used as semi-dwarfing rootstocks.
BEAUTY - Heart-shaped fruit is medium to large, greenish-yellow to bright red. Very low chill. Ripens early. Partially self-fertile. Ripens late May, early June. (Early/best with pollinizer).
BURBANK - Japanese variety for canning and fresh fruit market use. A large reddish-purple plum that is quite firm and meaty. A heavy producer. Low chilling requirement. Ripens July. (Mid-season/needs pollinizer).
ELEPHANT HEART - Large, heart-shaped fruit with dark reddish-purple skin. Flesh is purple-red, freestone, sweet and juicy. Ripens late July through mid August. (Late/needs pollinizer).
HOWARD MIRACLE - Medium large, yellow fruit with red blush at maturity. Flesh is yellow, firm and juicy with a somewhat tart, pineapple flavor. Low chilling requirement. Ripens early July to mid-August. (Mid late season/needs pollinizer).
MARIPOSA - Large, purple-red fruit overlaid with glowing lilac bloom. Blood-red flesh. Tender, juicy and very sweet. Keeps well. Low chilling requirement. One of the best backyard varieties, especially in California. Partially self-fertile. For best results, pollinize with Santa Rosa. Ripens early July to early August. (Mid-season/best with pollinizer).
PEACH PLUM - This large, attractive fruit is excellent fresh for dessert and also for canning. Fruit is roundish; skin purplish-red. Flesh is golden-yellow. Ripens July. (Mid-season/needs pollinizer).
SANTA ROSA - One of the largest and most beautiful of the Japanese plums. Yellow flesh, delicious flavor, fragrant and juicy. Low chilling requirement. Best backyard variety. Round, uniform in size and a good shipper. Skin is dark crimson. Good pollinizer. Ripens early June to early July. (Early/self-fertile).
WEEPING SANTA ROSA - Same superior quality fruit as Santa Rosa. On a small gracefull weeping tree. Very attractive and ornamental, excellent in containers. Delicate white flowers show well for two plus weeks. We find this variety to have much fewer problems with birds and squirrels. (Early/self-fertile).
SANTA ROSA, LATE - Medium to large fruit with reddish-purple skin and yellow flesh. Flavor is tart and flavorful. Harvest 1 month after Santa Rosa. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
SATSUMA - Japanese type with deep red skin and flesh. Juicy, good flavor; ripens over 2 to 3 week period. Sometimes bears very heavily. Ripens late July through August. (Mid-season/needs pollinizer).
SHIRO - A very early Japanese plum with beautiful yellow color
and excellent flavor. It matures before other yellow plums and so becomes
profitable for local markets. Extremely productive tree that needs pollinizer.
President will not pollinize. Ripens early June to early July. (Early/needs
European Plums and Prunes
Most European plums are self-fertile. Peach seedling and myrobolan are used as the standard rootstocks for plums and prunes. St. Julian A and Siberian C are used as semi-dwarfing rootstocks.
BROOKS - Tree breaks early and is a heavy producer. Fruit is large and oval in shape. Skin color is purplish-black. Prune is sweet with some acid. Oregon prune, good for drying and canning. (Late/self-fertile).
FRENCH IMPROVED PRUNE - This late-season prune is medium, long and oval. Fruit is dark purple with sweet, mild-flavored flesh. Good for drying, but too sweet to can. Ripens late July to mid-August. (Late/self-fertile).
GREEN GAGE - Small to medium greenish-yellow plum, with amber flesh. This very sweet plum is good for eating fresh, canning, freezing or making jam or preserves. Hardy, easy to grow tree which fruits freely. Considering it's quality fruit and ease of growth this variety should be a more widely planted home variety. Ripens early July to early August. Low chill. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
ITALIAN PRUNE - One of the leaders in plantings of all prunes. Fruit is medium to large with dark purple skin and greenish-yellow flesh which turns red when cooked. Excellent fresh, canned or dried. Ripens August. (Late/self-fertile).
STANLEY PRUNE - Very popular, Italian-type prune that is very hardy. Fruit is large, dark blue; and flesh is greenish-yellow, juicy and fine grained. Excellent for home use and processing. It can be counted on to produce fall annual crops. Ripens August. (Late/self-fertile).
SUGAR PRUNE - Large, dark purple; flesh is purple, sweet and highly flavored. Ripens late July through August. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
YELLOW EGG - Another excellent, easy to grow variety for the home gardner. A late European Plum producing large, golden-yellow
fruit with opaque, juicy flesh. Very sweet, thin skinned and freestone when fully ripened on the tree. Since this fruit must be picked hard and at least one week early to ship to market, store bought fruit taste is poor at best. Naturally semi-dwarf
tree. Hardy and very productive. Ripens August. (Late/self-fertile).
An unappreciated fruit that deserves to be planted more often. An attractive ornamental with a profusion of pink flowers.
PINEAPPLE - An attractive ornamental with a large, white to pink spring flower. Its leaves are dark green with whitish undersides. Skin is golden-yellow and smooth. Fruit has a slightly pineapple taste.
RICH'S - Extremely large fruit with lemon-yellow skin. Fruit is fragrant and covered with downy hairs. Tree does well in most regions.
BLACK JACK - Large, long, purplish fruit with strawberry-red flesh. Sweet and juicy. Heavy producer. Tree is a natural semi-dwarf and can be kept under 6-8 ft. tall. Ripens June to August. Drought tolerant. Try this tree ina large container on porch or deck if space in your garden is limited. (Mid-season/self-fertile).
BLACK MISSION - Fruit is large with purplish-black skin. Pulp is amber to light strawberry colored. Excellent flavor. Good fresh, dried or canned.
BROWN TURKEY - Medium-size fruit with rich brown skin tinged purple and strawberry colored pulp. Best eaten fresh. Hardy.
KADOTA - Medium to large, yellow-green fruit with tough skin and amber flesh. Good for canning. Best in hot climates. Ripens August to October.
CELESTE - Small, purplish-brown fruits. Excellent eaten fresh and for preserving. Flesh is white with pinkish-blush in center. Ripens mid-June.
FUYU - Most popular non-astringent variety. Flesh is sweet and mild. Fruit is smaller than Hachiya.
GIANT FUYU - Very large and non-astringent. Round with dark orange skin. Ripens November.
HACHIYA - Popular market variety. Very large with orange-red skin with sweet, mellow flesh. Astringent until soft.
CHOCOLATE - Brown-streaked fruit with very sweet flesh. Non-astringent.
Ripens late October and early November.
EVERSWEET - Fruiting pomegranate with very sweet fruit. Much less
acid than Wonderful.