Grapes and Berries
Grapes and Berries
BLACK MONUKKA SEEDLESS - Medium reddish-purple, seedless berries. Very hardy. Very sweet and fruits in large, loose clusters. Ripens early mid-season. Hardy. (European/cane or spur).
BUFFALO - Blue slipskin, very sweet grape for wine, juice or eating fresh. An excellent mid season Concord type grape. Very hardy with good cold tolerance. Once a primary New York wine grape.
CAMPBELL'S EARLY - Concord-type. Grows where climate is too cool for Concord. Ripens early. (American/cane).
CONCORD - Very hardy, productive, blue-black grapes. Berries are medium to large with sweet flavor. Best of the blue-black grapes. Ripens Mid-season. (American/cane).
CONCORD SEEDLESS - Same berry as Concord except smaller and not as robust a taste, not as vigorous a vine.
FLAME SEEDLESS - Seedless, red skin. Medium size with firm, crisp flesh and sweet flavor. Ripens early. Very productive. (European/cane).
HIMROD SEEDLESS - Yellow, medium-size berries. Slightly hardier than Interlaken. Ripens very early. (American/cane).
INTERLAKEN - Very hardy, golden-yellow, seedless, medium berries. Crisp and firm with excellent flavor. Ripens a few days before Himrod.
LADY FINGER (OLIVETTE BLANCHE) - Green berries are long and slender. Grows in large, tight, coneshaped clusters. Matures in late, mid-season. (European/cane).
MUSCAT (OF ALEXANDRIA) - Large, roundish berries. Dull green, seeded with moderately tough skin. Strongly aromatic, sweet musky flavor. (European/spur).
NIAGARA - Strong, foxy flavored greenish-white berries. Vigorous and hardy, attractive vine. Ripens a few days before Concord. Good for dessert and wine. (American/cane).
ONTARIO - A full flavored American White grape that ripens early. This variety is easy to grow, both vigorous and very productive.
PERLETTE - Medium berries in large, translucent yellow clusters. Distinctive flavor. Ripens quite early. Needs less heat than Thompson. (European spur).
RIBIER - Large round black grape. Seeded. Mild flavor. (European 1 cane).
THOMPSON SEEDLESS - White seedless grape seen in fruit markets everywhere. Ripens early to mid-season. (European/cane).
TOKAY - Large, oval, brilliant red to dark red berries. Crisp texture with distinctive wine-like flavor. Ripens late mid-season. (European/spur).
CABERNET SAUVIGNON - Red grape with excellent peppery flavor. Vines do well in a variety of soils.
CHARDONNAY - Pale green to light golden grapes. Lightly aromatic. Excellent quality fruit for wines in cool climates. Hardy.
FRENCH COLOMBARD - Whitish to yellow-green berries in medium clusters. Does well in warmer climates.
GEWURTZTRAMINER - Golden to pink grapes with strongly scented, spicy, white fruit. Heavy producer, vigorous.
MERLOT - Red grape with soft flavor in large, loose clusters. Does well in areas with warm days and cool nights.
WHITE RIESLING - Hardy producer for white wines. Strong floral aroma.
ZINFANDEL - Medium, reddish-black with juicy texture. Excellent for cool to warm climates.
BERKELEY - Late mid-season. Berkeley is one of the most popular home garden varieties. This handsome easy to grow bush attains a 5' to 6' height and width when mature. An excellent producer in mild climates. Berkeley boasts a very attractive powder blue fruit with a pleasing mild flavor. Bright yellow wood in the winter makes a nice contrast to other red wooded varieties. Avoid frost pockets or colder exposed areas.
BLUECROP - Mid-season. Considered the best all around variety for consistent yields, large high quality fruit, and disease resistant. Bluecrop is an upright, open growing bush to 4' to 6'. There are other varieties with better ornamental value but none better in the garden. The leading commercial variety in North America.
EARLIBLUE - Very Early. First to ripen. Large, light blue, delicious sweet flavored berries. The upright bush produces stout canes with bright red wood and large glossy green leaves. Plant where blueberries are well suited and avoid frost pockets.
NORTHBLUE - Mid-season. Northblue is the third variety released by the University of Minnesota. It has a slightly taller, more open stature, reaching 2' to 3' tall. Northblue is a consistent producer of large fine quality fruit. Yield is 3 to 7 pounds per mature bush. Excellent for baking or fresh eating. Northblue has survived winter temperatures to -35 F although production is maximized when snow protection is adequate. Recommended for those desiring a higher yielding cold hardy variety.
NORTHCOUNTRY - Early mid-season. Northcountry grows slightly larger than Northsky, reaching 1-½' to 2' high and 3-½' in diameter. It has similar bush characteristics to Northsky, with dark green foliage and compact growth, but is more vigorous and adaptable in less than optimum soil types. Fall foliage is scarlet-red. The fruit of Northcountry is medium size (about ½" in diameter) with an appealing sweet, "wild" blueberry flavor. Yields will range between 2 and 5 pounds per mature bush. With its unique characteristics, Northcountry is one of the best varieties for the edible landscape.
NORTHSKY - Midseason. With its release by the University of Minnesota in the early 1980's, Northsky brought blueberry growing to many areas previously thought too cold. It is the most cold hardy of all blueberries surviving winter temperatures of -45 F. Will be most productive with adequate winter snow cover. Even in warmer areas Northsky has been quite popular as a wonderful addition to the landscape. The bush grows to a low compact mound about 12 to 18" tall and 2' to 3' wide. Northsky commences spring completely covered in snow white blooms. The foliage is dense, with small glossy green leaves in summer and brilliant red fall color. The berries are small with a dusty bloom that gives them a beautiful sky blue color. Flavor is similar to wild blueberries. Yields range from 1 to 2 pounds per bush. Northsky is particularly well suited for container growing, borders, or group plantings in the landscape. Self-pollinating.
GEORGIA GEM - Mid-season. Medium-sized fruit, excellent flavor and quality. An upright bush 5' to 6'. Growers on the east coast have found Georgia Gem quite cold hardy, yet tolerant of high temperatures. Rated for zones 7 to 9 but is producing in zone 10. Requires a minimum of 150 chilling hours.
O'NEAL - Very Early. Large light blue fruit of terrific quality. Best flavor of the southern highbush. The bush is vigorous and upright to 6'. Foliage is an attractive grey-green in summer accented with red stems and branches. O'Neal is listed for zones 7 to 9, with a suggested minimum requirement of 150 cumulative hours below 45 F, but is currently producing well in southern Florida which is zone 10.
AUTUMN BLISS - An early full bearer with an extended bearing season (into October). Large medium to dark red, pleasant, mild flavored fruit. This high yield variety may be grown without support or trellis. Resistant to Mosaic Virus.
BOYNE - A vigorous, erect, sturdy bush. A clean and east to pick vine even without support or trellis. Very hardy and reliable cropper with sweet medium size fruit. Very dark red berries spring to summer.
CANBY (SPRING CROP) - Thornless red raspberry. Large, good flavored, firm, juicy bright red berries with fine quality. This delicious flavored berry is one of the best in the northwest for freezing, canning, cooking, and fresh eating. The canes are vigorous and productive. Heavy bearer. High level of virus resistance and aphid immune. Sensitive to root rot, so good soil drainage is required. Not adapted to heavy soils. Grows best in areas with cooler summers. Excellent winter hardiness.
FALL GOLD (EVERBEARING) - Golden everbearing raspberry. Large, soft berries, conical in shape, very sweet flavor. Excellent for fresh eating and processing. Ripens in July with second crop ripening from late August until first hard frost. Not recommended for extreme northern areas.
HERITAGE (EVERBEARING) - Large, sweet, dark red berries with a mild flavor. This superior quality berry is good for fresh eating, freezing, canning and preserves. The canes are tall for an everbearing raspberry, but are very sturdy and seldom require support. Strong, vigorous, very productive, suckers prolifically and spreads rapidly. Fairly tolerant of heavier soils but will develop root rot in poorly drained areas. Moderate summer crop with heavier, superior fall crop. An excellent variety for the home gardener and also grown commercially in many areas.
LATHAM - Large, very popular variety with dark red, full flavored, aromatic fruit. Very productive, long sturdy canes. Exceptionally hardy, disease resistant, mosaic virus free plant.
MEEKER (SPRING CROP) - Large, thimble shaped, dark red fruit with high sugar and good quality flavor. Good home garden variety for eating fresh, freezing, canning, and processing. Meeker is not particularly adapted to heavy soils but is a vigorous plant with long willowy growth. Very productive with long harvest season. Ripens mid-season. Meeker has some resistance to Botrytis Rot.
NEWBURGH (SPRING CROP) - Very large, firm, very sweet, light red
berries with shallow caps. Mild flavor with fairly good quality. Retains
its shape well and does not crumble when being picked. A very good variety
for jelly and freezing. Vigorous, heavy annual producer that is resistant
to Root Rot and Mosaic Virus. Newburgh
SUMMIT - A large, firm, red fruit with very large yields. Very precocious, with superior quality fruit. Resistant to root-rot.
BRISTOL - A high producing variety with upright, clean growth. Very easy to pick and maintain. Medium-large glossy-black fruit with outstanding black raspberry flavor. Tolerant to powdery mildew. Bears late June to July.
CUMBERLAND - Mid-season (approximately July) bearer. The berries are large, firm, and of excellent flavor. The bushes are hardy and productive.
JEWEL - A vigorous, upright, productive variety. Large superior quality fruit with glossy fruit and superior flavor. Bears early July.
MUNGER - Mid-season bearer and leading commercial variety in Oregon. The berries are large, firm, and flavorful. The plants are hardy and productive.
BOYSENBERRY - The Boysen originated in California and introduced in 1923. Very large, non-shiny, dark maroon berries. Soft, very juicy flesh. Distinctive, rich, tangy flavor and very aromatic. Excellent for eating fresh, juice, freezing, canning, pastries, and preserves. Ripens about July 1, and are among the largest of the small fruits. Vigorous, trailing vines. Boysenberries are hardy to approximately -10 F.
BOYSENBERRY, THORNLESS - Developed in California. Very large, almost seedless, sweet, juicy, full-bodied flavor. Good for fresh eating, freezing, jams, preserves, pastries, juice, syrup, and wine. Very low chill. Too soft for shipping. Ripens during May and June. Thornless forms of all blackberries should not be cultivated deeply as damaged feeder roots will send up an occasional sticky sucker that has to be removed. Requires winter protection below 0 F.
CHESTER - Very winter hardy, thornless variety. Very high quality fruit, mild but very flavorful. Fruit does not soften or leak.
EVERGREEN, THORNLESS - It is hardy to 0 F, and is medium size, exceptionally sweet and firm. Excellent for pie, jams, and jellies. The plants are extremely productive, and bear a late crop in August or September. Canes are green during winter. The Thornless Evergreen is well adapted to heavy, poorly drained soil.
LOGANBERRY, THORNLESS - Originating in California, the Logan is thought to be a natural cross between a California native blackberry and a red raspberry. The berries are long, large, dark red, acid, and highly flavored. The Logan is often used for pies, juice, and wine. Not as widely grown commercially as it once was. There is a high demand for it in the home garden due to its desirable flavor. Thornless canes; average yields. Hardiness is similar to Boysen.
MARION - Originated in Oregon as a cross between the Chehalem and Olallie Blackberries. It's berries are large, bright black, and excellent flavor. Recommended for fresh eating, jams, preserves, and desserts. Vigorous, thorny plant, strong canes and thrifty cane production. Ripens in July and early August along with the Boysenberry. Seeds are 1/7 the size of Boysen. Marion is popular commercially and is possibly hardier than Boysen.
OLALLIE - Developed in Oregon, but produces extremely well in California where the lack of day length and cold limit the productivity of some Blackberries. Large, shiny, firm black berries. Sweet with some wild blackberry flavor. Vigorous and productive trailing thorny canes. Ripens in July. Good for fresh eating, jam, and freezing.
SYLVAN - Comes to us from Australia, but its parents are from the Pacific Northwest. Large, shiny black berries with a mild, very sweet flavor. Very high quality fruit. Very similar in appearance to Marion, but much larger. Sylvan is a bit firmer than Marion and ripens a few days earlier. Vigorous, thorny, trailing vines that are highly productive. Tolerant to heavy soils, wind, and drought.
TAYBERRY - Introduced by Scottish Horticultural Research Institute. Named after the River Tay in Scotland. Tayberry was bred from a cross between the Blackberry Aurora, a high quality variety bred in Oregon, USA and an improved Tetraploid raspberry from the breeding program at the Scottish Crop Research Institute. Tayberrry is ready for picking from early July through mid-August. Long, moderately vigorous canes. Berries are large, long conical shape and a reddish-purple color with excellent, slightly aromatic flavor. Excellent quality for freezing, canning, jams, and jellies. Tayberry has shown considerable promise for the fresh fruit and processing markets.
TRIPLE CROWN - A new thornless blackberry with large, sweet and aromatic fruit. This is a hardy vine with large, glossy, black fruit. The fruit is firm and very flavorful. Bears well in most areas including low chill zones. An outstanding variety, one to plant before most others.
YOUNGBERRY - The Young is very similar to the Boysen except it ripens earlier and the berries are milder and less acid than the Boysen. Fruit size is the same as Boysen but a little firmer and shiny. Excellent flavor, good for fresh eating, freezing, canning, and juice. The Youngberry rivals the Boysen in fruit production and its vines are vigorous and hardy, making it excellent for the home gardener.
Currents and Gooseberries
CHERRY RED (CURRANT) - Large, dark red fruit with acid flavor. Fruit is high quality and excellent for jam, jelly, and sauces. Plants will grow 4' to 6' tall and 2' to 5' wide. Can also be used as edible ornamentals or hedges. Bears fruit well but attracts aphids. Resistant to powdery mildew. Hardiest and best yielding currant.
WILDER RED (CURRANT) - Large clusters of dark red, medium-sized berries. Fruit is of very good quality. Heavy bearing, vigorous, tall stemmed plant will grow 4' to 6' tall and 2' to 5' wide. Wilder is a good variety for market or home use. Wilder has a long fruit bearing season, from July 1 to 20.
PIXWELL (GOOSEBERRY) - Medium-sized, oval shaped fruit. Pale green color becoming pink when fully ripe. The fruit is born in clusters on long pedicels, making picking easier, hence its name. It has few thorns but are stout and aggressive. Pixwell is too tart for fresh eating, but make wonderful pies, jams and preserves. Leaves turn purple in the fall. This variety is mildew resistant. Overall height is 4' to 6' tall. Very productive plants.
OREGON CHAMP (GOOSEBERRY) - Medium to large, yellowish-green berries.
Flavor will sweeten as it ripens. Oregon Champ is excellent for pies,
jams, canning, and wine. Productive, vigorous plant will grow 3' to 5'
tall. Berries hold well on the bush. Oregon Champ will start bearing in
its second year and produce for approximately 20 years.